The Astronomy, Technology and Space Science News Podcast.
SpaceTime with Stuart Gary Series 24 Episode 43
*NASA delays Mars helicopter flight
NASA has been forced to postponed the first flight of its Mars helicopter Ingenuity because of a software issue.
*Growing evidence for new physics beyond the standard model
The first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermilab have supported earlier observations that muons aren’t behaving in the way predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics.
*Understanding the astronomy of the ancients
A new study confirmed that circular standing stone monuments like Stonehenge were constructed to observe the cycle of celestial events.
*Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft launch
It’s been a busy time on the International Space Station with the arrival of three new Expedition 65 crew members aboard their Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft -- temporarily bringing the orbiting outposts compliment to ten – at least until three of the previous expedition 64 crew departed aboard their own Soyuz capsule for the return journey to Earth.
*The Science Report
More details on why adenovirus viral vector vaccines are being restricted.
Global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations reach a record of 417.14 parts per million.
Iran continues to breach its nuclear weapons deal.
Paleontologists discover fossils of a new species of hadrosaur dinosaur.
Skeptic's guide to anti-electromagnetic radiation pill scam
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[00:00:00] This is space-time series 24 episode 43, four broadcast on the 19th of April, 2021. Coming up on space, time, software glitches, delay, the first Mars helicopter flight, growing evidence for new physics beyond the standard model and understanding the astronomy of the ancients, all that, and more coming up.
Um, space time. Welcome to space time with Stewart. Gary
NASA has been forced to postpone the first flight of its Mars helicopter ingenuity because of a software issue. The historic first launch of an aircraft on another planet was slated for last week, but it was scrubbed after [00:01:00] preflight checks revealed a problem. Mission managers detected the issue during ground tests as the Rodo copters made along cattle rotating carbon fiber blades are in the process of being spun up.
The road is neat. This spinet speeds far higher than helicopters on earth in order to compensate for the thin mash and atmosphere. During the test engineers identified a problem with a sequence of commands that would initiate flight. Apparently ingenuity his flight computer failed to transition from one mode to another as expected, and that triggered onboard flight safety software protocols to kick in shutting down the test engineers at NASA's jet propulsion laboratory in Pasadena, California say ingenuity wasn't damaged during the incident and is now downloaded a full set of telemetry.
Technicians have now developed the flight control software update, which will modify the process by which the two flight controllers boot up, thereby allowing the hardware and software to safely transition into [00:02:00] configuration for flight mission managers say once the new software is uploaded and validated, they'll proceed with a plan brief 32nd up and down flight to verify the 1.8 kilogram autonomous drone can actually lift off other and then land in the ultra thin Martian atmosphere.
Mission managers are yet to set a new target date for the flight, but say it could happen this week. If successful ingenuity will undertake at least five test flights, the helicopter was flown to the red planet now to beneath NASA's Mars, perseverance Rover, which landed in Jezreel crater on February the 18th.
This space-time still the com growing evidence of new physics beyond the standard model and understanding the astronomy of the ancients. All that in the mobile store to come on space time.
[00:03:00] First result to experiment at the us department of energy's Fermi national accelerator laboratory Fermi lab have supported earlier observations that nuance aren't behaving the way they're predicted to behave according to the standard model of particle physics. The standard model is sciences. Current best theory of particle physics describing the known fundamental particles that make up the universe and the forces that they interact with.
But scientists have known for a while that it's by no means complete. For example, it doesn't explain a mysterious force called dark energy, nor can it explain mysterious invisible particles called dark matter, which make up more than 75% of all the matter in the universe. It also fails to explain why we live in a universe of matter rather than anti-matter or for that matter, why the universe [00:04:00] exists at all, considering that matter.
And antimatter annihilate each other when they come into contact and equal amounts of matter. And anti-matter what created in the big bang. So theoretically, the universe should have ignited in that giant ultraviolet flash almost as soon as it formed 13.8 billion years ago. The landmark new resolved from the Muir on G minus two experiment reported in the journal.
Nature strongly supports the idea of new physics beyond the standard model. is an elemental fundamental particle put simply it's a heavier version of an electron about 200 times more massive than its cousin Beyonce occur. Naturally when cosmic rays from space at the Earth's atmosphere. They can also be made out officially in particle accelerators, like Fermi lab, like this smaller cousin, the electron neons act as if they have tiny internal magnets now in a strong magnetic field, the direction of the magnet precesses or [00:05:00] wobbles very much like the axis of a spinning top with gyroscope.
The strength of the internal magnet determines the rate at which the Myan precesses in an external magnetic field and is described as the G minus factor. And this is a number that can be calculated with a high level of precision. So to measure the strength of the nuance scientists that Fermilab build the most accurate magnet ever developed.
It allows them to measure the strength of the magnetic field, through which to me organs pass with unprecedented precision down to an incredible accuracy of 15 parts per billion. But as the nuance circulate in the Myan G minus two magnet, they're also interacting with a quantum from of subatomic particles, constantly popping in and out of existence interactions with this short-lived particles affect the value of the jig minus factor causing them yawns, procession to speed up or slow down very slightly.
Now the standard model of particle physics predicts this so-called anomalous magnetic moment. Extremely [00:06:00] precisely. However, if the quantum foam contains additional forces or particles, which aren't accounted for by the standard model that would affect and change the MI on G minus factor. And that's important because this quantity reflects the interactions, the Mian with everything else in the universe.
Say, when we're talking about this quantum foam, what we're really referring to is a quantum wave sort of density level, which increases and decreases. And that quantity reflects the interactions of the meal on with everything else in the universe. And the problem is the observations, the Muir on G minus two collaboration don't match the theorist calculations for the same quantity.
When you consider all known forces and particles in the standard model. And that therefore suggests the Mian is sensitive to something beyond the standard model. And we're not talking about a once-off fluke here. The mule on G minus two, collaboration has been analyzing the motion of more than 8 billion neurons in its first test run.
And that's less than [00:07:00] 6% of the data, which the experiment will eventually collect. Interestingly, these new results, strongly support earlier research back in 2001 at the department of energy's Brookhaven national laboratory, which also offered some serious hints that the nuance behavior was disagreeing with the standard model.
Now combine the results from Fermilab and Brookhaven show a difference with theory at a significance of 4.2 Sigma. It's still a little shy of the five Sigma standard deviations that site has required a clamor discovery, but it's still compelling evidence of new physics being there. Let me put it this way.
The chances of these results being nothing more than its statistical fluctuation is about one in 40,000. The new results also add to the intriguing findings we reported last week by scientists from the Lac Bay collaboration at CERN's large Hadron Collider, the world's largest Adam smasher. As we reported last week, the standard model predicts that a type of subatomic [00:08:00] particle called a bottom or beauty quark, which are measured by the LHCB experiment should decay to either mutations or electrons in equal amounts.
But the certain results are showing that's not happening, which is further pointing to some new physics beyond the standard model. This is space-time still the calm, understanding the astronomy of the ancients. And it's a busy time on the international space station with the arrival of three new expedition, 65 crew members aboard their SoLuRs MSA, teen spacecraft, all that, and much more still to come.
Of space time
when it comes to trying to understand the importance of astronomy to the ancients, England's famous 5,000 year old stone Stonehenge on Salisbury, plain is an iconic prehistoric monument, and it's an impressive [00:09:00] structure. It consists of an artery, vertical sass and standing stones each around four meters high 2.1 meters wide and weighing around 25 tons.
And the Saxons at top by connecting horizontal lentil stones inside is the ring of smaller blue stones. And inside these are free standing triathlons to boggy of vertical. Sarsens joined by lentil. Stonehenge is widely accepted to be an ancient, astronomical calendar marking the time of sunrise on the summer solstice, but it's just one of many ancient, circular standing stone monuments constructed to observe the cycle of Cylus gel events.
Science is understanding of the role of the great stone circles in early societies comes through the work of many researchers, such as Dr. Gail Higginbottom, who are working with the university of Adelaide, was able to statistically prove for the first time that the earliest standing stone monuments in [00:10:00] Britain were constructed specifically in line with the movement of the sun and moon 5,000 years ago.
That research published in the journal of archeological science reports details the use of innovative two and three dimensional technology to construct quantitative tests of the patterns of alignments of the standing stones. Higginbottom points out that prior to that research, it was all just supposition.
Nobody had ever statistically determined at a single stone circle was really constructed with an astronomical phenomena in mind. Examining two of the oldest great stone circles built in Scotland, Helen ish on the isle of Lewis and Stennis and the olive Watney earth of which predates Stonehenges standing stones by bath 500 years.
Higginbottom and colleagues found a great concentration of alignments towards the sun and moon at different times of their cycles. And they found that 2000 years later in Scotland, much simpler monuments were still being built ahead. At least one of the same astronomical alignments found in the great [00:11:00] circles.
The stones, however, are not just connected with the sun and moon. The authors discovered complex relationships between the alignment of the stones, the surrounding landscape and horizon and the movements of the sun and moon across that landscape, Higginbottom says those findings provided the final proof that the ancient Britains connected the earth and the sky with their earliest standing stones.
And that this practice continued along the same way for some 2000 years. Examining sites in detail, the authors found that about half the sites was surrounded by one landscape pattern and the other half, by the time complete reverse, these chosen surroundings would have influenced the way the sun and moon was saying, especially the timing of their rising and setting at special times, such as when the moon appears at its most northerly position on the horizon, which only happens every 18.6 years.
For example, half of the sites the authors looked at at the Northern horizon relatively higher and closer than the [00:12:00] Southern at the summer solstice was rising out of a highest peaks in the North or for the other half of the cites. The Southern horizon was higher and closer than the Northern with a winter solstice sun rising out from these highest horizons.
Higginbottom says this shows that people chose to erect their giant stones, very precisely within the landscape. And in relation to the astronomy, they knew. She says they clearly invested a tremendous amount of effort and work to do. So, which says an awful lot about their strong connection with their environment and how important it must've been to have them for their culture and for their culture survive.
My certainly as far as individuals, statistical evidence for individual circles, as opposed to looking at groups of circles, for example, this is the first time that we've actually been able to confirm that individual circles have a complex. Array of orientations regarding different parts of the solar and lunar cycles.
And, um, part of the reason for that is that [00:13:00] when people were looking at the stone circles previously, They used to look at just the orientations that they thought hit on the sun or the moon. And they ignored those that didn't. So even if they tried to do some kind of assessment on it, they weren't approaching it in a very fully sound manner.
So now we can conclude that we've done that and we've got excellent results where. Both the circle of Callanish, which is on the West coast and the isle of Lewis of Scotland and Orkney, those go and circle their Stennis. Most certainly say 97.7% sure that they are set up in regards to phenomena. And how did you do the research?
So we had two approaches. The first one was we had to do a variable. Specific statistical tests that was developed by my colleague, Roger Clay. It's something that was 5,000 years ago when these things were set up. So, uh, obviously the sky was different than you had to account for all that. And also, yeah, and also the landscape, although the Hills were there.
Nevertheless, the [00:14:00] landscape may have appeared different in terms of vegetation and that sort of thing. All these environmental factors need to be considered as well. So what did you basically do? First of course, we did run the programs to ensure that we knew exactly where the sun and the moon were rising and setting.
Um, at this time that these drones have been shown to be, um, a record as a scientific dating has shown for them to be erector. And then on top of that, We looked at or examined the possibility of the vegetation cover in the areas. And basically it's certainly for Western Scotland, it was shown that there was either very, very open.
Kind of like a scrub land equivalent and partial. Very, very open basically. Um, particularly on Western Lewis, very, very open and Western Scotland generally. And on Orkney during that time, it would have been much the same. So when there were trees, it was very open or sometimes there's open patches in these two particular areas and we've looked at other areas individually.
[00:15:00] How does one date star? How does one, you can't use carbon daddy for stone, I guess. So you're looking at something which is buried somewhere near it. I guess that is carbon. Well, actually I didn't do it, but other people. Um, so for example, a gentleman by the name of Patrick Ashmore, uh, did an excavation of Callanish and they looked at.
The different, the times that specific stones were erected or not, and other activities around the stone circle. So they confirmed that the different kinds of dating you do are through a burnt material. So for example, wood or buying. And both have been found at Stennis and Cullen that gave scientists a pretty good idea of when these things were erected.
I guess the fact that we're seeing these sorts of stone circles throughout what we now call the British Isles, but also we've seen them in parts of Europe as well. Are we looking at, and I know this isn't yours. Specific area of expertise, but are we looking at something which was a fairly, [00:16:00] literally a broad church, I guess something that was practiced over a wide area, certainly standing Stein monuments were placed over a wide area, right from Ireland until Eastern Europe and beyond in fact, India, China, other places, right through at slightly different times standing stone circles.
So, uh, certainly, um, not as prevalent as perhaps, uh, stone rows or single standing stones. And science circles are most prevalent in a British Isles, Western Europe, Spain, Portugal as a few in Scandinavia, no firm confirmed the apples in Germany, but lots of standing stones. The circles tend to be part of a burial monument as opposed to a separate standing sign circle, but there are great patches through the European continent where people chose.
To continue building them monuments in wood and earth. So there's a very interesting division there between the groups of people who adopted the megalithic culture and those who didn't were actually starting looking into that. Now, does it [00:17:00] go with trade question? I think that in the very, very early days of when, for example, agriculture was first coming in through Europe.
I think that that is a possibility. I think it would have been trade, but also the movement of peoples, because sometimes people brought this different and the new it's called the neolithic agriculture and the new stone age coming through parts of Europe, such, such as South Eastern Europe and moving through central Europe.
And other times it was trade. So it would have been a combination. Nothing simple. I'm afraid. Sorry. I'd like to say simple, but it's not particularly actually. Yes. Yeah, exactly. Simple answers. Aren't the answer we like to try and keep it simple, but then that, then a reality overtakes us. There's always caveats.
In any sort of research. Absolutely. I agree with you fully there for agricultural purposes or is there more to it? I think there are [00:18:00] two very important things going on. They're both tightly entwined and that is, I think that. The standing stones are in places that people already knew about, but at these places, and I'll explain this because it's something that we haven't really touched on is that the standing signs in Britain at least are in very specific places we've discovered, which allow you to view the sun and the moon from very specific perspectives.
So for instance, you can, at half of sites, see one perspective and. Loosely speaking and the other half of the sites and other perspective. And so the first perspective is that when you're standing at your stone circle, that you will have the Northern horizon very high and quite close to you relatively the South will be very distant and low compared to the North.
The summer falls, the sun will rise out of the highest peak in the North East out of this range, or HILIC. Well mountain, depending on the landscape and set in the high mountain in the North. [00:19:00] West. If it turns South the winter solstice sun rise and set out of little Hills, or there could be mountains at a great distance from the Southeast and set into a Hill in the Southwest, and often it will travel over water to do so.
And so you have all these amazing setups that they've done that can only be viewed at these specifics. Locations. And what we discovered that we discovered that for scores of sites in Western Scotland, which are bronze age, about 1500 BC. So that's about three and a half thousand years ago. And we now know those two great circles we talked about at the beginning, have the same setup.
And so to get back to your question, therefore, They know about these places already. So I don't think that that already agricultural, because as soon as they'd built standing stones, they already knew about those places before agriculture had come, agriculture was coming into that area. So mainly I heard us, but they did do some agriculture, but it wasn't as big as it was down South.
So to speak. I think [00:20:00] that what they've done is actually represent their play, their cosmological understanding of the universe and through these standing stones and how they see the sunrise and set out of those very special setups that they've done, they're showing themselves. And it represents the site that they understand that the universe works as a cycle.
And that the cycle themselves work as opposition. So you've got day and night, the sun rising in the North, for example, at summer solstice, the full moon that can only rise in the South at the summer solstice, if it's at its most extreme, rising and setting point, which only occurs every 18.6 years and all these kinds of complicated things go on and enough information in fact that they could, even if they wanted to predict eclipses, if they knew about that sort of thing.
So there's more to it than that's the neolithic very detailed culture. Isn't it, it is very detailed and very, um, very complex, very complex. And it's also linked to the culture of the dead, because you will always find the dead [00:21:00] associated with sending stuff. Oh, that was my next question. Uh, uh, the burial sites nearby.
So I guess you've just answered that. Very very different ways. Um, when they're associated directly with the standing stones, they're very frequently cremated dead, and you get parts of people with bodies placed for major bones that is placed in the socket of the standing stone. So they put them in before they put the people in or parts of them before they put the scanning stone there.
And then they may also put a cremation burial inside a jar. And they're is that next to the standing stone? Or it may in fact be next to what we call a, where they bury the cremation in a stone slab coffin underneath the ground and put a nice stone stone monument over that, uh, you know, array of, uh, can we call it so the dead are associated in many different ways with these standing stones and Stonehenge itself is known to have many.
With some standing stands. I believe there's [00:22:00] also evidence of festivals associated with that animal bones, things like that. Yes. We've got something very similar, also happened at Stennis. So certainly nearby there may have actually been major festivals occurring, whether that's in association with the dead or not as well.
Um, unsure, but they've also found bones that are associated with specific seasons in relation to areas near Stonehenge. And they've decided they may well have been the official gathering times that people met together for why the trade or other kinds of connections between groups across a large area.
Dr. Gail Higginbottom who carried out that work while she was with a university of Adelaide. And this is time still to come. Three new crew members launched to the international space station, the board, the Soyuz MSA teen spacecraft, and later in the science report, more details on why the adenovirus viral vector vaccines had been restricted, all that, and more still to come.
On space time.
[00:23:00] The pro audio, suite talk con or audio, the professional, the business. Here's the irony. Oystar is the only Shaundra of acting that continued during COVID the tick accord before bed. And just set it and forget it, and then say normalize the minus three and send it off. I got, okay. I think no one would be the wiser to legend in vitro sessions here.
Sometimes two, four tracks, three stereo machines, gang SIADH. Quite a few things to do and lose line of sight. So it wouldn't be done. Make some pockets.
Thanks for that. Sounds good to me. Thanks to road microphones. Subscribe now wherever you get your podcasts. Hey, Siri site. That's the end of the episode. [00:24:00] I'm sorry. I don't know how to do that.
This is space time with Stuart, Gary. It's been a busy time about the international space station with the arrival of three new expedition, 65 crew members, the board, their sows MSAT, and spacecraft temporarily bringing the orbiting. Our post total crew complement to 10. That is at least on two or three of the previous expedition, 64 crew members to part of board their own.
So use capsule for the return journey to worth. The soy is MSA teen launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the central Asian Republic of Kazakhstan on a fast rendezvous to orbit flight docking with the Roosevelt and a D module, just three hours and 23 minutes later, as the space station was fighting over Northern China.
As the countdown here on the central Asian desert reaches its final minutes. We are compelled to take a look back at the historic cemetery of the slight to the international space station with events that transpired here 60 [00:25:00] years ago today on April 9th, 1961 years ago, the RN was formally and secretly selected to become the first human to fly in space over his backup cosmonaut Garmin Titov.
The final decision was made collectively by the iconic surrogate, Carly off the great designer. And the head of Cosmin cosmonaut training at that time, Nikolai come on it. And 60 years ago today, the final meeting of the Vos doc K rocket and the Vos doc one spacecraft took place not far from where we are at this hour.
Setting the stage for its rollout of the launchpad. Two days later today here at site 31, a more powerful, so use to Don one, a booster stands fully fueled, attended Vanda. Hi Novitzky and do get off to a city in the sky, the orbit, the laboratory. That is the international space station launching from site 31 at the bike and art Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
If one copy, [00:26:00] everything is good on board and we are ready for lunch coffee. The crew is close, their advisers just got confirmation. The launch key has been inserted and one of the potentially the coolest things and all of space flight, there is an actual physical key that is inserted and use to initiate the final launch countdown.
This point, the first and second stage engines. Primed and ready for launch telemetry has been confirmed received from the rocket. Again, that's going to be sending telemetry to ground sites all throughout the ride uphill, which is expected to take just under nine minutes. We're looking for third stage separation for the eight minutes and 49 seconds.
combustion chamber, nitrogen purge. So they used nitrogen and a nerve gas to flow through the combustion chamber and purge any. Vapors or other remnants before they start the full flow of fuel and oxidizer to the engines. Can you just never a refined version of kerosene and liquid oxygen to power. All of the stages, [00:27:00] all three first, second, and third stages of the Soyuz rocket.
When we launched the space station, we'll be flying just over Northern Uzbekistan, about 335 miles behind the Soyuz spacecraft as it leaves the launchpad. And then by the time it makes the eight minute 49 second pride into orbit station. We'll have fleet Prague ahead of it. So it ended up for that fast track to Arvin about three hour and 25 minute rendezvous with the space station or waiting the call that the boosters fuel tanks are being pressurized for flight.
This will just help optimize the flow of all of the fuel to the rocket engines helps out a little bit of structural support as well to the rocket. Oxygen fuel drain and safety valves closed round ceiling of oxidase and nitrogen to the vehicle is terminated point terminating some of the propellant feeds to the rocket.
There are two umbilical towers, really those two ground structures attached to the rocket itself. Uh, that taller is going to separate about 35 seconds [00:28:00] before launch. And the smaller one about midway up the rocket will separate. And once you see that separate 15 seconds away, the propellant visualization initiate the booster tanks are now being pressurized for flight again is helping them optimize and facilitate the flow of fuel to those engines in the first and second stage, which will fire simultaneously to begin the initial flight into orbit to internal power.
Ground propel and see terminated right at 35 seconds. The first umbilical tower separating the vehicle on internal power will have auto sequence. Start to the ground. Propellant feed to the rocket has now completely auto sequence initiate that's and a biblical separated 15 seconds from launch. Once you come in for admission second, the vehicle towers separate.
You, we see booster ignition engines at maximum trucks and [00:29:00] lift off. So use Ms. 18 on its way to the international space station.
are. No, no. Everything is good on board in nominal performance. The first stage delivering 930,000 pounds of thrust from those four first aged boosters and the single core engine. It is seconds into the light, the parameters of the poster nominal. Everything is fine.
seconds into the flight. Everything is nominal. Uh, we are good on board, the space station already flown over the bike and or Cosmodrome, and now making its way in front of the Soyuz spacecraft. Well, roughly 90 seconds into flight. The so use rocket already moving more than 2100 miles per hour already about 10 [00:30:00] ran, 10 miles down, range, Lidl parameters of the booster on domino.
And right on time, we see first stage separation the Cory off cross those forest strap on boosters separating. Now the single quarter stage, continuing to power the Soyuz spacecraft into flight heartbeat. Just before that the launch escape tower was also jettisoned. So you use does maintain escape capability all the way to flight though, the stage able to use for a short time, small boosters on the trout itself.
And then once the shroud detaches we'll use boosters on this. So the shroud jettison is confirmed confirmation. The launch trout has Jetta sent that. So you spacecraft now exposed, continuing under the power of the second stage. And 80 seconds into this light because stabilization is deforming nominally, and the group is feeling well.
Coffee, second stage is going to continue to fire until four minutes and 37 seconds. The second stage thrusters, the functioning [00:31:00] nominally, everything is good on board. The vehicles are already accelerated to just about 6,400 miles per hour, about 172 miles down range from the bike and our Cosmodrome teach your enroll.
Uh, nominal everything is good. Onboard the pitchy on roll calls, relating to the, the attitude or which way the vehicle is pointing. Hearing nominal is what we want to continue to hear on the way up Hill, everything continuing to perform normally with the Soyuz spacecraft and the rocket second stage separation is done.
Good confirmation. Second stage is shut down and separated. So he's now being propelled by the single engine of the third stage. Providing about 67,000 pounds of thrust is going to continue to burn for about four minutes. It's going to shut down at eight minutes and 46 seconds into flight. Under the 80 seconds into the flight.
A third stage structures of function in nominal is the crew of feeling well, coffee has 400 [00:32:00] seconds into the flight. The vehicle is stable now just about two minutes, left a little under two minutes of power on the third stage. Once it shuts down and separates just a few seconds later. So you spacecraft will be flying free in a series of pre-programmed commands.
We'll execute. Deploying number of the appendages, uh, the antennas and the solar arrays needed to power the spacecraft on its way to the station. Uh, the number of antennas who also deploy for communications and tracking. I including those that will be responsible for communicating with the station is that use makes it automated, rendezvous and docking coming up soon.
We'll see. Third state shut down separation. Within 90 seconds into the flight. We go. Stabilization is performing nominally and everything is good on board. Insertion is confirmed. Uh, our congratulations and now a Moscow MCC. So we'll talk to you cause they can Moscow. Good shut down. And separation of the [00:33:00] third stage solar array has deployed standing by for confirmation that all antennas have deployed.
That's Dickey, Moscow, how coffee. And so we're continuing to get a lot of comms between the Soyuz spacecraft and the Russian mission control center in Cari off hearing them, uh, called cosmic. That is the. The call sign for the Soho spacecraft, uh, with, uh, commander Alec Wicki. Uh, we did hear a good confirmation of all solar Ray, both solar rays and all of the appendages.
So all of the antennas did deploy successfully. So we had a nominal flight on the way of Hill. And we had a good orbital insertion. The initial orbit for the Soyuz spacecraft today is right at around 200 kilometers by 242 kilometers or about 124 by 150 miles. During expedition 65, the crew will see the arrival of another space, ex crew dragon to capsule, caring for more people for the Albany outpost.
That's currently [00:34:00] slated for April the 22nd and will be followed by the departure of the crew one mission, the first long duration commercial crew flight to the space station, which is slated to return to earth on April the 28th. This space-time
and Tom had to take a brief look at some of the other stories making using science this week with a science report. Last week's decision by Australia to restrict the AstraZeneca. COVID 19 vaccine to people aged over 50 was in line with similar moves by other countries and follows a growing number of cases around the world, including three.
Now in Australia of people getting a rare type of blood clot associated with lower platelet counts, including the extremely rare cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine is an adeno virus, viral vector vaccine, which uses a modified and [00:35:00] harmless virus. In this case, in the Denver virus, hence the name as the delivery system for genetic instructions, teaching the human body to produce the same spike proteins, which characterize the surface of the SARS cov two virus, which causes COVID-19.
Your body then produces this harmless, spike protein, causing your immune system to react to it. And so learn how to fight off the real thing. When it comes now a report in the new England journal of medicine as examined two of the studies, which have led to the decision to restrict the use of the vaccine.
The two studies Dettol cases that people who develop blood clotting problems after receiving AstraZeneca. The first study by Austrian and German researchers assessed 11 cases in Germany. Nine of the 11 cases were female with an average age of just 36 of those 11 cases, nine devote blood clots in the brain.
Three had blood clots in their gastrointestinal system. Three had blood clots in their lungs and four had blood clots [00:36:00] elsewhere. The patients all began to develop blood clotting issues between five and 16 days after getting the jab. In the second study, Norwegian researchers assessed five cases among health care workers aged between 32 and 54, which developed between seven and 10 days after receiving the jab.
The five Norwegian cases occurred among 130,000 people who had received the vaccine highlighting just how rare the side effect is. Overall researchers have reported 169 cases of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, and 53 cases of splanchnic vein thrombosis reported among some 34 million people vaccinated in the European union and the UK since the 4th of April, 2021.
Meanwhile Johnson and Johnson's own adenovirus viral vector vaccine has now also been paused by American authorities. Following six blood clotting incidents. All six were female aged between 18 and 48. Over 7 million people [00:37:00] have been given the Johnson and Johnson single dose vaccine, whether it's AstraZeneca or Johnson and Johnson, the side effects to look out for the same thing, include headaches, blurred, vision, breathing problems, chest pain, swollen legs, abdominal pain, skin bruising, and spots beyond the injection site.
3 million people have now died from the COVID-19 virus. And another 140 million have been infected since the deadly disease first emerged from China and spread around in the world. You data from the Scripps Institute of oceanography has confirmed that global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have now reached a new record of 417.14 parts per million.
The latest measurements from the mana lower observatory recording station in Hawaii shows that global levels of carbon dioxide and now 50% above where they were when the industrial revolution began. Carbon dioxide concentrations, the main driver of rising [00:38:00] temperatures and global climate change as caused 1.2 degrees Celsius increase in global temperatures.
The record levels come despite the slow down in carbon dioxide emissions in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the UK met office says average carbon dioxide concentrations will reach 419.5 parts per million this year. Iran already designated as the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism by the United States is continuing its push that developed nuclear weapons with a startup of three new cascades of centrifuges designed to produce enrich geranium.
Islamic Republic activated 35, 164. I R six and 30 ISX centrifuges in its latest breach of its 2015 Vienna nuclear non-proliferation treaty agreements, which were designed to prevent her and from developing nuclear weapons. Under the 2015 deal between Tehran and war powers, [00:39:00] Iran is only allowed to use first-generation.
I R one centrifuges for uranium enrichment and to test a limited number of devices. The international atomic energy agency is also concerned that around stockpile of enriched uranium is now more than 14 times above the limit. It agreed to under the Vienna treaty. The nuclear watchdog says that as of February the 16th, this year Iran's total enriched uranium stockpile was 2967.8 kilograms.
The limit Tehran agreed to in 2015 was 300 kilos arounds. Also continuing to restrict nuclear inspectors from accessing some suspected nuclear weapons sites. And it's still not explained the presence of nuclear material at one undisclosed site or the location of a missing metal disc of uranium of the type that's used in a thermonuclear weapon.
The origination insist its nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful power generation [00:40:00] purposes. Only latest estimates suggest Iran now has enough enriched uranium for at least two nuclear weapons. And it's continuing to develop and test its nuclear bomb missile delivery system. Under the guise of a space program.
Tehran's developing its long range nuclear missiles in collaboration with North Korea, which also developed its nuclear missiles. Under the cover of being a space program, paleontologists have discovered fossils of a new species of hadrosaur dinosaur and New Mexico. Named on at tops in Qantas, a new duck-billed dinosaur species roam the earth during the late Cretaceous period around 80 million years ago, a report of a journal peer J claims scientists uncovered a partial skeleton, including part of the skull, including the skull roof.
And braincase at a dig site in the Menifee formation in San Juan County. Former high ranking New Zealand politician. Jamie Lee Ross is behind a [00:41:00] company planning to sell a nutritional supplement, claiming to protect users from electromagnetic radiation. The supplement corporate stadium was devolved by Italian Marco Ruggiero, who himself has a rather colorful history of promoting pseudo-scientific treatments.
Ruggiero's other products include a yogurt, which he claims can treat the range of conditions, including autism and AIDS and a pill, which he claims can reverse aging. Tim Mendham from Australian skeptics says it's all part of a growing industry of pseudo-scientific medical treatments, which have flourished in New Zealand, amid the rise in online misinformation and conspiracy theories.
Jamie Lee Ross, who's former national MP in New Zealand. He's sort of behind a company that's selling nutritional supplements. Some of the ways to protect you from electromagnetic radiation.
The supplement is called idioms. [00:42:00] Really shit. I scientific stuff. Taking a pill to be taken from electromagnetic. Radiation is just silly for stuff. It does not work. It cannot work. It's just pure cynical stuff. Jimmy Lee Ross, he hangs around with some interesting people. Doesn't he? He does, but that there's a guy named Michael Kelly.
Who's a natural path. Entrepreneur has been described. I basically providing all these various products. Uh, wholistic medicine, natural treatments, and that sort of stuff. And this thing about the natural solution to electric magnetic radiation, apparently it's still to come out on the market actually, because they're promoting it at this size to try and sort of workups I'm interested in, basically this is designed to protect against five-day non-ionizing radiation, and it's not going to jumble your genes up.
If they might pass out, kill you. If the towel fell on your head, but that's. Yeah. Yeah. Marco Richo, who's developed the supplements. He's also got some other products which are a bit disturbing, including a probiotic yogurt, which he says can treat a range of conditions, including [00:43:00] autism and AIDS. Now that gets really dangerous.
It is tight. This is another one he sells that can reverse aging to be able to extend to a lot of unimagined links, which is interesting ID. So sort of suggesting, so selling some, it typically take you from electromagnetic radiation. It's gonna be harmless unless you. Put yourself in a dangerous position.
You don't want to hop in front of an x-ray machine. It's not going to help, but suggesting that this yoga can treat autism and is dangerous, obviously, especially I'm sad that these things are always being put forward for the light natural products, et cetera, with the snag, having said that they're not going to hurt you.
Those sorts of walled claims. Isn't there a little alarm inside your head that goes off saying danger, danger. It's like that. Yes. We get them all the time in the psychic circles. Quantum is a big one in frantic cycle, quantum science, quantum mechanics, quantum energy, all these things pop up all the time in the psychic cycles.
And they used indiscriminately. And often I think without [00:44:00] understanding, but when you hear a lot of these natural remedies and that's the thing, all of these things being put forward, they range in sort of seriousness. From things that will make you younger or give you extra lock to Anna mentioned length is just plain silly.
Something like protecting you from electromagnetic radiation unscientific, something that a yogurt that you can use to treat autism is just dangerous. From Australian skeptics.
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